Multia under Thermal Camera

(This is a guest post by Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

DEC Multias are known for notoriously overheating. Someone even coined a term “Multia Heat Death”. The typical folklore recommendation of the time was to only run it vertically, replace the built-in fan with a more powerful, etc.

In modern times one can inexpensively acquire a thermal camera that attaches to a mobile phone. So why not take a peak inside the inferno.

This is how Multia looks like in a thermal camera. PS is on top. CPU on the left. FDD/HDD bottom left.

The CPU, Alpha AXP, runs at around 60C, not great, not terrible.

Scanning up close through individual chips I found this curiosity:

Wedged between the memory chips and the power supply is a little chip that generates almost 100C. That’s a boiling temperature of water. Note the thermal image is shifted in regards to the visual part due to close range.

What does this chip do? I have no clue. Perhaps someone can help here. What I however did to it is this:

Slapped on this really nice radiator. In fact I added little radiators you can buy for Raspberry PI to all the chips generating tons of heat.

This is how the motherboard looks like right now:

I also added a tiny fan on top of the CPU. Drilled some holes in the case and of course replaced the main fan with a highest air flow I could find.

Time will tell if this resolves the heat death, but my Multia now runs much cooler with help of all the radiators and extra fans.

Reviving 20 year old web forum software

(This is a guest post by xorhash.)

What makes you nostalgic? I don’t know about you, but for me, it’s definitely early 2000s web forums. Names like vBulletin, UltimateBB, phpBB, YaBB, IkonBoard, … bring a smile to my face. Thus, I figured it would be time to revisit the oldest vBulletin I could get my hands on. As it turns out, vBulletin used to offer “vBulletin Lite” back in the year 2000, which is a version of vBulletin 1.x stripped down so much, it almost stops being vBulletin.

Because they hid it behind a form, the web archive didn’t quite catch it, but I managed to find a different copy online, which seems pristine enough at least: vbulletinlite101.zip

So that’s just a bunch of code. I could just get a period-appropriate Red Hat 9 installation going, but that’d be boring. How much work could it possibly be to get this to run? In hindsight: just about six hours. Please allow me to say that the code is of rather questionable quality. Do not expose this to the Internet. Without even trying, I found at least two SQL injections. Every SQL injection immediately leads to code execution under PHP as well since the templates are interpreted using eval(). And so I set out on my quest to port this to a modern OS.

SoftwareOriginal RequirementMy Version
Operating System“different flavours of UNIX, as well as Windows NT/98”Ubuntu 19.04
InterpreterPHP 3.0.9PHP 7.2.19
DatabaseMySQL 3.22MariaDB 10.3.13

The details of this are rather boring, so allow me to point out some highlights and discoveries made while digging through the code:

  • 50 reply limit: Threads were limited to 50 replies. There was no pagination. Any replies beyond that would just replace the most recent post. I’m not sure if this was an attempt at preventing server and client load from excessively large pages or an attempt to “encourage” people to actually buy vBulletin.
  • No accounts: Unlike vBulletin 1.x, there were no accounts. All posts would just have a username field and an optional field for an e-mail address; even if provided, the e-mail address does not get verified.
  • No thread/post management: There’s no way to conveniently delete threads or posts, leaving the forums completely defenseless against spam. I suspect this was by design, so that nobody would stick with vBulletin Lite.
  • Icon plagiarism: The icons for the “search” and “home” buttons are actually taken from Internet Explorer 4. For comparison, here are the buttons in Internet Explorer:
Internet Explorer 4 search button Internet Explorer 4 home button
  • Questionable security: vBulletin Lite was not a pinnacle of secure and defensive coding. Though some efforts were made (e. g. using addslashes(), which is nowadays considered inappropriate, but was all that what was available at the time in PHP 3), they were not thorough and overlooked spots. When encountering a database error, the actual SQL query and error details would be shown in an HTML comment on the error page, greatly helping attackers build their SQL injection even without source code available. The admin control panel password is stored in plaintext: on the server as well as in the cookie that persists an admin session. I’m also not sold on using eval() for interpreting templates from the database.
  • Filenames ending in .php3: Back then, it was common for PHP scripts to have a filename ending in .php3, though I couldn’t find the exact reason why this used to be common practice (possibly to allow PHP/FI 2.0 and PHP 3.0 to co-exist, maybe?). Nowadays, everything’s normally just a .php file.
  • register_globals was very much a thing: The PHP (anti-)feature register_globals caused request parameters and cookies to be turned into global variables in the script, e. g. https://www.php.example/test.php?x=1 would set $x to 1. vBulletin Lite relied on register_globals existing and working. PHP removed it in version 5.4, so a lot of request handling needed to be changed for vBulletin Lite to work at all.
  • MySQL has implicit defaults: Apparently, if strict mode is not enabled, MySQL has implicit defaults for various data types. vBulletin Lite relied on this behavior, much to my surprise. I’m not sure who thought this was a good feature, but it sure surprised me.
  • Password caching until exactly 2020: When successfully logging into the admin control panel, a cookie “controlpassword” is set. It is hardcoded to expire at the beginning of 2020—next year. I’m glad I didn’t have to try and debug that subtle issue. My patch makes it so that the cookie expires at the start of the next year.
  • A typo in the admin control panel: In admin/forum.php, deletion of a forum should bring the list of forums again. However, due to a typo (“modfiy” instead of “modify”), the page instead stays blank. I also took the liberty to fix this obvious bug.
  • Feature remnants: vBulletin Lite kind of looks like a rushjob; I’d love to find out if that’s true. There are leftovers of various features, which manifest themselves in stray variables being referenced but never set. For example, the e-mail field in the template for the newthread.php page actually references $password, which nothing else ever reads or sets. Similarly, forumdisplay.php references a $datecut variable, which I assume regular vBulletin 1.x would use to prune old threads by date (to save space on the database?).
  • Ampersands in HTML: vBulletin had literal ampersands (&) in the templates, namely in links. Firefox complains about this nowadays and expects &amp; even in <a href>, but I didn’t want to touch that because I’m afraid I might break an old browser by changing this behavior.

As mentioned above, I made a patch for vBulletin Lite 1.0.1 to make it work with modern versions of PHP and MySQL: vbulletinlite101-2019.diff
Applying it requires some preparation (renaming the files from .php3 to .php and adjusting the names of included files ahead of time); after that, it should apply cleanly:

$ for i in *.php3; do mv $i $(basename $i .php3).php; done
$ cd admin && for i in *.php3; do mv $i $(basename $i .php3).php; done
$ cd .. && find . -name "*.php" -exec sed -i 's/php3/php/g' {} \;
$ patch -p1 < PATH_TO_PATCH.diff

vBulletin Lite had a mechanism that would send e-mail a configurable address about SQL errors. I ended up disabling that in db_mysql.php, spilling the error onto the page and kept that behavior in the patch to make debugging easier (since this has no business running in production anymore anyway). See the areas marked with TODO if you want to undo that after all.

I used the new ?? syntax introduced in PHP 7, so this patch may not immediately work with PHP 5, though the worst grunt work has already been taken care of.

And for those who want to give it a kick, I put one up on vbulletin.virtuallyfun.com.


The website that used to host vBulletin Lite notes that “vBulletin Lite may be modified for your own use only. Under no circumstances may any modified vBulletin Lite code be distributed”.

I hope that separating this into a pristine archive and a patch—with no functional changes—is good enough. Should this still not be enough for the rightsholders (currently MH Sub I, LLC dba vBulletin), takedown requests will of course be honored.

WRP 4.0 Preview

(This is a guest post from Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

Welcome a completely new and absolutely insane mode of Web Rendering Proxy. ISMAP on steroids!

While v3.0 was largely just a port from Python/Webkit to GoLang/Chromedp, the new version is a whole new game. Previously WRP worked by walking the DOM and making a clickable imagemap out of <A HREF> nodes. Version 4.0 works by using x,y coordinates obtained from ISMAP to perform a simulated mouse click in Chrome browser. This way you can click on any element of the page. From annoying cookie warnings, to various drop down menus and even play some online games. Also pagination has been replaced with a clickable scroll bar.

Enough talking, you can watch this video:

Or download the new version and try it yourself!

Please report bugs on github.com. Thank you!

WRP 3.0 Beta ready for testing

(This is a guest post from Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

I have released WRP 3.0 for testing. It’s currently a browser-in-browser server rather than a true proxy, but that’s in the works. Please try it out and let me know. Usage instructions are on the main github project page.

Today using trickery I was able to login to my reddit account from Mosaic:

Update: just added the missing image quantizer so that the color number input box actually does something useful. Now you can browse porn even with 16 colors:

WRP Runs on Windows

(This is a guest post by Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

Thats right, the new beta version of Web Rendering Proxy runs natively on Windows. Single EXE, no libraries or dependencies required. Only Chrome Browser.

I took a Internet Explorer 1.5 for a spin today while WRP was running on my Windows 10 PC. Worked just fine.

I have added Prev/Next buttons so that you can easily “scroll” through long pages.

ISMAP support has been added, proof:

You can download a preview build on github.

Web Rendering Proxy – Overdue Status Update

(This is a guest post from Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

There hasn’t been a major update to WRP (Web Rendering Proxy) in 5 years or so. Some new features have been added thanks to efforts of Claunia but the whole project was mostly impeded with mass migration of the whole Internet to SSL/TLS/https. It does semi work somehow thanks to sslstrip but the whole stack is an unmaintainable pile of crap which I’m not going to update any more.

A new rewrite from scratch is well under way. This time written in GoLang and using Chrome DevTools Protocol. Things should be much more stable and future proof.

Far from complete but I have a fully functional prototype now working in just under 100 lines of code:

UPDATE 1: You can play with it if you want. Please do not submit any bug reports just yet, as this is just a development version. Note that WRP is currently not a true HTTP proxy but rather browser-in-browser. Proxy may be supported later.

UPDATE 2: As of today online setting of size, scaling and scrolling is supported. I’m specifically happy about the scrolling feature albeit it probably needs a better user input, like prev/next page.

Windows version still doesn’t work due to an upstream bug, which is probably easy to fix.

ISMAP is currently in development.

NT RISC Apps

(This is a guest post by Antoni Sawicki aka Tenox)

As I previously mentioned I’m slowly but surely uploading all my stuff to archive.org.

You may want to know that I just finished uploading apps for Windows NT RISC… Alpha AXP, MIPS and PowerPC. Happy downloading.